Gender Gap in Housework: Couples’ Data Analysis in Kyrgyzstan

Gender Gap in Housework: Couples’ Data Analysis in Kyrgyzstan


By Kamila Kolpashnikova and Man-Yee Kan

The paper analyzes couples’ time-use diaries from the 2012–2013 Life in Kyrgyzstan data. Using the pooled Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method, the authors test the relative resources, time availability, absolute resources, and gender-centered frameworks in their ability to explain gender differences in housework participation among Kyrgyzstani women and men. The results show that among the three resource-based approaches, the time availability models are the most potent in accounting for the gender gap in housework, followed by the relative resources framework. Both frameworks emphasize household bargaining processes and power differentials between spouses. The findings suggest that among Kyrgyzstani couples, partners’ time availability and, with it, bargaining power play an important role in the division of housework tasks. In contrast, absolute resources can account only for a small portion of the gender differences in housework participation.

Publication Overview

Topic/s , ,
DOI Link (opens in a new tab)
Cit. Kolpashnikova, K., & Kan, M.-Y. (2020). Gender Gap in Housework: Couples’ Data Analysis in Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 51(2), 154–187.

Continue Reading:

  • How marriages based on bride capture differ: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan

    A significant proportion of women in the Kyrgyz Republic marry via ala kachuu, generally translated as bride capture or kidnapping. Many regard this practice as harmless elopement or a tradition; others perceive it as a form of forced marriage. This paper contributes to the understanding of ala kachuu by exploring the extent to which couples in these marriages differ from those in arranged or love marriages. This paper provides a novel source of evidence on the possible nonconsensual nature of bride capture in Kyrgyzstan, adding further weight to those arguing that it is forced. … read more »

  • How do extreme weather events affect livestock herders’ welfare? Evidence from Kyrgyzstan

    This research examines the impact of the harsh 2012 winter on livestock herding households in Kyrgyzstan and identifies policy options to increase household resilience to such shocks. Using the LiK survey data, merged with observed temperature data, the analysis finds that, on average, the negative effects of the winter shock on household welfare are significant and persistent over time, leading to a 5 percent and a 8 percent decrease in households’ food consumption expenditure in the short- and medium-run, respectively. … read more »